The Journal of Democracy is a quarterly academic journal established in 1990 and an official publication of the National Endowment for Democracy’s International Forum for Democratic Studies. It covers the study of democracy, democratic regimes, and pro-democracy movements throughout the world, reports Infomax.mk.
According to the latest research of the magazine, authors Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way updated their classification of authoritarian regimes in the world. As of 2019, Macedonia has regressed to the level of an authoritarian regime! Macedonia found itself in the company of African countries such as Burkina Faso, Botswana, Mozambique, Mali and Sierra Leone.
he National Endowment for Democracy is a U.S. agency that was founded in 1983 with the stated goal of promoting democracy abroad. It is funded primarily through an annual distribution by the US Congress in the form of a grant awarded through the US Information Agency (USAID), i.e. the USA, and is rumored to be in close cooperation with the CIA.It was created under the Democracy Program as a two-party, private, non-profit corporation and acts as a grant foundation. In addition to the grant program, NED also funds and edits the Journal of Democracy, the World Movement for Democracy, the International Forum for Democratic Studies, the Reagan–Fascell Democracy Fellowship Program, the Network of Democracy Research Institutes, and the International Media Center. International Republican Institute IRI, National Democratic Institute NDI.
According to the definition of the Journal of Democracy for competitive authoritarian regimes, these are countries that started the transition in the 1980s and 90s, but never managed to become consolidated democracies, they use the word hybrid regimes in their definition, which according to they combine authoritarian and democratic features. According to the media, quasi-democratic institutions actually strengthen authoritarianism. Of the 46 regimes between 1990 and 1995, most either democratized or were replaced by new autocracies, or further regressed.
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